Scarlet Fever Rash
Scarlet fever rash eruption
The rash appears 18 to 24 hours after the onset of sore throat and fever. This rash is caused by a toxin produced by streptococcus group A. It is specific to scarlet fever: it begins with the chest, then spreads over two days to the rest of the body except the palms of the hands and the sole. The skin appears to have been burnt by the sun and feel it is rough like sandpaper. Tiny buttons scattered dark red skin. The rash is more pronounced in flexural folds,or elbows and groin and it disappears in four or five days.
Scarlet fever rash complications
Complications related to scarlet fever have almost disappeared since the antibiotic treatment directly addresses Streptococcus and prevents progression to something else. However, it is always possible that the bacteria attacks the kidneys, heart and joints.
Scarlet fever rash treatment
It usually requires an antibiotic or penicillin for 10 days. For fever and pain, we recommend giving acetaminophen according to the recommended dosage and of course ensure that the child is well hydrated. For itching, consult your pharmacist who will advise you depending on the age of the child. Usually, an antihistamine may be recommended, as well as applying a cream or lotion to soothe the itching. Like many products on the shelves, a specialist will recommend the right product. Toxi infection is induced by streptococcus group A rarely C or G . 5 days after infection with pharyngeal pharyngoamygdalite develops a rash which is a generalized type of exanthema scarlatiniforme. The skin lesions are made from small red macules very velvety to the touch quickly confluent. Achieving language realizes glossitis periphery corresponding to the V-lingual. The eruption is followed by desquamation after 7 to 10 days. Complications may occur, include myocarditis, glomerulonephritis and polyarthritis. Similar patterns are produced by staphylococcal toxins .
Scarlet fever rash epidemiology
Become rare in France, scarlet fever mainly affects children between 5 and 10 years, small outbreaks during the winter school. It is rare in children under 2 years due to the presence of maternal antibodies against the pyrogenic exotoxins and the lack of prior awareness. At 10 years, 80% of children have developed antibodies against these exotoxins, which will protect them throughout their lives. Thus, the scarlet fever is possible in adults, but very rare.
Scarlet fever rash pictures
Scarlet fever rash contamination
Infection occurs primarily during cold and appears a child with scarlet fever or angina due to streptococcus, by air . The rash itself is not contagious. Incubation of the disease is short, about 2 to 5 days. Patients are contaminants before the onset of symptoms, so that epidemics can develop despite the isolation of patients. Scarlet fever is an infectious disease caused by a common germ, beta hemolytic streptococcus group A. It affects mainly children between 5 and 10 years but adults can also be affected. The spread of infection from one infected individual to a healthy subject is through droplets of saliva. Scarlet fever is in the form of angina associated with a rash.
Examination of the mouth shows a red throat and a language coated with a whitish coating. 24 to 48 hours after the rash is caused by the toxin secreted by the streptococcus it is spreading throughout the body. The characteristic rash of scarlet fever is called exanthema. It begins at the roots of the members and then wins the thorax and whole body leaving only the palms of the hands, soles and around the mouth. The mucous membranes are also affected. After a week exanthema began to disappear, it may still persist at the month .The skin begins to peel in large shreds, especially on the hands and feet. The rash occurs about 2 days after the sore red. It is due to the spread of a toxin secreted by streptococcus throughout the body. The exanthema, rough and hot to the touch, starts at the chest and then develops throughout the body. Attenuated forms of scarlet fever are common, but a symptom characteristic remains: language, whitish at first, gradually becomes red scarlet. The exanthema is then replaced by scales visible fingers and toes, which gradually fall in the period of desquamation.
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